Подставленная взятка

Секрет успеха: дай семье вторую — 2 часть

Плодная сеголетняя матка в отводке развивает яйцекладку до 3 тыс. яиц в сутки.

Отводок превращается в семью, его надо расширять. 5-6 дадановских сотов в отводке имеют 30 тыс. ячеек запечатанного расплода, через 10 дней он выйдет и займет 12 рамок. Вся пчела уже не уместится в одном корпусе, ставят второй. Пчелы, ощущая молодую матку, работают с удвоенной энергией, равной энергии сильного роя. Вощина, подставленная в семью, отстраивается за сутки, ее цвет белоснежный, а ячейки только пчелиные. Дав семье вторую матку, пчеловод обновляет ежегодно 50% своего сотового хозяйства. Для начинающего пчеловода этот способ — находка.

Теперь, когда пасека увеличилась вдвое, за ней надо следить — вовремя поставлять вощину, корпуса, смотреть за поступлением нектара, пыльцы. В семью со старой маткой ставят 2-й корпус, когда там будет 8 рамок расплода. Корпус комплектуют из суши и вощины, ставят на верх первого корпуса. Это бывает в 20-х числах июня, когда нет угрозы заморозков.

К началу медосбора (10-15 июля), семьи занимают 4-5 корпусов дадана: 2 корпуса с зимовалой и 2 — 3 с сеголетней маткой. Когда выбран массив медоносов и начался взяток, семьи соединяют. Старую матку отбирают, а через сутки снимают горизонтальную диафрагму, разделяющую две семьи (про объединение семей смотри в любом учебном пособии). Получается одна сверхсильная пчелосемья с молодой майской маткой. На ульи ставят все имеющиеся на пасеке магазины. Теперь надо лишь успевать качать мед, так как принос нектара такой семьи в 2 — 4 раза больше обычной. Если матку ограничить в первом корпусе разделительной решеткой, семья за время главного взятка зальет все корпуса и магазины медом.

После соединения пчелосемей старую матку можно посадить в отводок, подарить соседям-пчеловодам, так как она сравнительно молодая — прошлогоднего вывода. Тем более, что существует мнение, что из яиц старых маток выводятся пчелы-долгожители. Стоимость одной плодной сеголетней майской матки эквивалентна 2 — 3 кг меда, что составляет 200 — 250 рублей.

Дав семье вторую матку, вы обеспечите свой задел на другой год, ведь молодая матка дольше и больше откладывает яиц осенью. Использовать свищевых маток нежелательно, вы не достигнете описанного усиления.

Метод заменяет 100% маток ежегодно, а не 50%, как рекомендует НИИП.

agro-gid.com

Preview attachments in Outlook

File preview allows you to view attachments in Outlook without opening the attachments in a separate application. You simply click the attachment icon in the Reading Pane to preview the file.

What files can I preview?

By default, you can preview files from most Microsoft Office/Office 365 programs including Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and Visio. You can also preview attached Outlook email items, images, and text files.

File attachments can be viewed in the Reading Pane or in the body of an email message without opening another program.

The attachment previewer feature in Outlook only works if you have the same version of Word, Excel, or PowerPoint installed as the version of Outlook being used to preview the attachment.

An attachment can appear in the Reading Pane or in the message body. In the Reading Pane, click the attachment below the Subject line to preview the file or item. Attachments within the message body can’t be previewed. To view these, open the attachment.

Click Show Message or the attachment to switch between the attachment preview and the message text

Outlook doesn’t include a built-in PDF previewer. In order to preview PDF files, use the following steps.

Make Adobe Acrobat Reader the default program used to open PDF files. Select your operating system below for detailed instructions.

Restart Outlook. You should now be able to preview PDF files in Outlook.

Yes. You can enable or disable the ability to preview files in the Trust Center.

In Outlook, select File > Options > Trust Center > Trust Center Settings, and then select Attachment Handling.

Note: In Outlook 2007, select Tools > Trust Center > Attachment Handling.

To turn off all attachment previewers, click Turn off Attachment Preview.

To turn off a specific attachment previewer, click Attachment and Document Previewers, clear the check box for a previewer you want to turn off, and then click OK.

Third-party software vendors may provide their own previewers that support additional attachment file types; you can use your Web browser to search the Web to find additional information. When available, you can download and install previewers to preview additional file types in Outlook.

To help protect you from malicious code, active content embedded in attachments (including scripts, macros, and ActiveX controls) is disabled during a preview. You should preview or open attachments from trustworthy sources only.

For additional file previewers, try the latest version of Outlook.

File preview in Outlook for Mac requires Mac OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard) or later.

Open the message or view it in the reading pane.

Next to the attachment, click v > Preview .

The attachment is displayed in the preview window.

No, but you can turn off the reading pane by selecting View > Reading Pane > Hidden.

support.office.com

Alicia Online

Today we are adding more Management Skills to the game: Herbalist, Stylist and Beauty Guru!

When you master the Herbalist skill, there is a chance that your horse’s luck will increase when you feed it. With the Beauty Guru skill, the luck of your horse might increase…

Alicia Online

EDIT: Dear Players! The website is working again! Thank you very much for your patience and support

Due to technical reasons the website will be unavailable today, but the game should work as usual

EDIT: Dear players! We need some more time to fix the website. It might take a few more days, but we will try to finish the maintenance as soon as possible. Thank you for understanding

EDIT: Dear players! We are planning to finish the website maintenance by tomorrow morning.

Alicia Online

Beginning of Summer Event!

Today we are adding the Fortune Teller armor set into the game! This striking purple armor set is a comfortable choice for both horse and rider, and it even comes equipped with its very own magical crystal ball! This unique armor was originally designed…

Alicia Online

Achievement Book 8: Paladin

Today we are adding the last achievement book — «Paladin»!

This book is only for the most determined players! On your journey to becoming the Paladin of Alicia you must use all of the skills you have learned by racing in order to earn medals, complete…

Alicia Online

Management Skills: The Beginning

Today we are adding the first three Management Skills to the game! Management Skills are skills you can earn by taking care of your horses. Each Management Skill has a unique ability which can help you in the game.

m.facebook.com

Customize the ribbon in Office

What you can customize: You can personalize your ribbon to arrange tabs and commands in the order you want them, hide or unhide your ribbon, and hide those commands you use less often. Also, you can export or import a customized ribbon.

What you cannot customize: You cannot reduce the size of your ribbon, or the size of the text or the icons on the ribbon. The only way to do this is to change your display resolution, which would change the size of everything on your page.

When you customize your ribbon: Your customizations only apply to the Office program you’re working in at the time. For example, if you personalize your ribbon in Word, those same changes won’t be visible in Excel. If you want similar customizations in your other Office apps, you’ll have to open each of those apps to make the same changes.

To hide your ribbon:

Open the app you want to hide your ribbon in, such as Word or Excel.

In the top right corner of the app, choose the ^.

To display your ribbon:

Choose a tab, such as Home.

When the ribbon expands, in the top right corner, choose the to pin the ribbon to the top so it stays there.

If you’re using Read mode, press the Esc key to display your ribbon.

The tabs on your ribbon are Home, Insert, Design, etc. For example, the picture below shows the tabs in Word.

You can add custom tabs or rename and change the order of the default tabs that are built in to Office. Custom tabs in the Customize the Ribbon list have (Custom) after the name, but the word (Custom) does not appear in the ribbon.

Open the «Customize the Ribbon» window

To work with your ribbon, you need to get to the Customize the Ribbon window. Here’s how you do that.

Open the app you want to customize your ribbon in, such as Word or Excel.

Place your mouse in any empty space in the ribbon and then right-click.

Click Customize the Ribbon.

Now you’re ready to do the steps below to customize your ribbon.

Change the order of default or custom tabs

You can change the order of Home, Insert, Draw, Design, and other tabs. You cannot change the placement of the File tab.

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the tab that you want to move.

Click the Move Up or Move Down arrow until you have the order you want.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Add a custom tab

When you click New Tab, you add a custom tab and custom group. You can only add commands to custom groups.

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click New Tab.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Rename a default or custom tab

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the tab that you want to rename.

Click Rename, and then type a new name.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Hide a default or custom tab

You can hide both custom and default tabs. But you can only remove custom tabs. You cannot hide the File tab.

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, clear the check box next to the default tab or custom tab that you want to hide.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Remove a custom tab

You can hide both custom and default tabs, but you can only remove custom tabs. The custom tabs and groups have (Custom) after the name, but the word (Custom) does not appear in the ribbon.

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the tab that you want to remove.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

You can add custom groups or rename and change the order of the default groups that are built in to Office. Custom groups in the Customize the Ribbon list have (Custom) after the name, but the word (Custom) does not appear in the ribbon.

Change the order of the default and custom groups

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the group that you want to move.

Click the Move Up or Move Down arrow until you have the order you want.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Add a custom group to a tab

You can add a custom group to either a custom tab or a default tab.

In the Customize the Ribbon window, under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the tab that you want to add a group to.

Click New Group.

To rename the New Group (Custom) group, right-click the group, click Rename, and then type a new name.

Note: You can also add an icon to represent the custom group by clicking the custom group, then Rename. When the Symbol dialog opens, choose an icon to represent the group.

To hide the labels for the commands that you add to this custom group, right-click the group, and then click Hide Command Labels. Repeat to un-hide them.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Rename a default or custom group

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the tab or group that you want to rename.

Click Rename, and then type a new name.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Remove a default or custom group

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the group that you want to remove.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Replace a default group with a custom group

You can’t remove a command from a group built in to Microsoft Office. However, you can make a custom group with the commands that you want to replace the default group.

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the default tab where you want to add the custom group.

Click New Group.

Right-click the new group, and then click Rename.

Type a name for the new group and select an icon to represent the new group when the ribbon is resized.

In the Choose Commands from list, click Main Tabs.

Click the plus sign (+) next to the default tab that contains the group that you want to customize.

Click the plus sign (+) next to the default group that you want to customize.

Click the command that you want to add to the custom group, and then click Add.

Right-click the default group, and click Remove.

To add commands to a group, you must first add a custom group to a default tab or to a new custom tab. Only commands added to custom groups can be renamed.

Default commands appear in gray text. You can’t rename them, change their icons, or change their order.

Change the order of the commands in custom groups

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the command that you want to move.

Click the Move Up or Move Down arrow until you have the order you want.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Add commands to a custom group

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the custom group that you want to add a command to.

In the Choose commands from list, click the list you want to add commands from, for example, Popular Commands or All Commands.

Click a command in the list that you choose.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Remove a command from a custom group

You can only remove commands from a custom group.

In the Customize the Ribbon window, under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the command that you want to remove.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

Rename a command that you added to a custom group

In the Customize the Ribbon window under the Customize the Ribbon list, click the command that you want to rename.

Click Rename, and then type a new name.

To see and save your changes, click OK.

You can reset all tabs to their original state, or you can reset select tabs to their original state . When you reset all tabs on the ribbon, you also reset the Quick Access Toolbar to show only the default commands.

Follow these steps to reset the ribbon:

In the Customize the Ribbon window, click Reset.

Click Reset all customizations.

Reset only the selected tab to the default setting

You can only reset default tabs to their default settings.

In the Customize the Ribbon window, select the default tab that you want to reset to the default settings.

Click Reset, and then click Reset only selected Ribbon tab.

You can share your ribbon and Quick Access Toolbar customizations into a file that can be imported and used by a coworker or on another computer.

Step 1: Export your customized ribbon:

In the Customize the Ribbon window, click Import/Export.

Click Export all customizations.

Step 2: Import the customized ribbon and Quick Access Toolbar on your other computer

Important: When you import a ribbon customization file, you lose all prior ribbon and Quick Access Toolbar customizations. If you think that you might want to revert to the customization you currently have, you should export them before importing any new customizations.

In the Customize the Ribbon window, click Import/Export.

support.office.com

Africa News Tonight

Africa News Tonight is a lively news magazine featuring VOA correspondent reports, interviews with African officials, opposition leaders, NGOs and human rights activists. News feature stories look at science and technology, environmental issues, humanitarian topics and the African diaspora.

American Cafe

Join host David Byrd as he talks to some of the fascinating people who help make life in America what it is. Whether its health, technology, entertainment, or culture we’ll meet the folks who make America unique.

Border Crossings

VOA’s live worldwide international music request show with host Larry London.

Daybreak Africa

Each morning, Daybreak Africa looks at the latest developments on the continent, starting with headline news and providing in-depth interviews, reports from VOA correspondents, sports news as well as listener comments.

Join host Carol Castiel each week as she and two advocates from the world of politics, culture, public policy, or academia debate and discuss a critical issue in the news. This program brings depth, perspective, and insight to the world around us.

The Game Room

Winners and almost winners tell you how they played each week as we gather in the VOA Game Room. We share the fun, record achievements and look ahead to the big sports events always around the corner. Our season never ends in the VOA Game Room!

Health Chat

Health Chat is a live call-in program that addresses health issues of interest to Africa. The show puts listeners directly in touch with guest medical professionals. It includes a weekly feature spot, health news and comments from listeners on health issues. The program is hosted by veteran health reporter Linord Moudou.

International Edition

Quick, informative, fun. VOA’s International Edition brings the world together with U.S. perspectives. Experts, analysts, social media views and newsmakers themselves help tell today’s stories everyone wants to hear. Brighten your day with VOA’s International Edition.

Issues in the News

Prominent Washington correspondents discuss topics making headlines around the world.

Let’s Talk is an interactive discussion program about lifestyle issues. Sunday Shomari examines everything from African cuisine to cellphones. Sunday collects audience questions and comments via social media, and speaks with guests on the programs who share their experiences and opinions.

Music Time in Africa

Music Time in Africa is VOA’s longest running English language program. Since 1965, this award-winning program has featured pan African music that spans all genres and generations. Ethnomusicologist and Host Heather Maxwell keeps you up to date on what’s happening in African music.

Nightline Africa

Join our host and correspondents from Washington and across Africa as they bring you in-depth interviews, news reports, analysis and features on this 60-minute news magazine show.

Press Conference USA

Join host Carol Castiel for this 30-minute weekly newsmaker program that provides listeners around the globe with information and insights on a wide range of topics spanning U.S. politics, foreign policy, global health, science and culture.

Reporters’ Roundtable

On Reporters’ Roundtable join host and journalist Douglas Mpuga, along with a lively panel of journalists, who analyze the week’s major developments in Africa.

Sonny Side of Sports

“Brighten your day by tuning in the Sonny Side of Sports radio show. VOA’s Sonny Young delivers an upbeat and lively presentation during his 30 minute sports shows, broadcast Monday through Friday.”

Straight Talk Africa [simulcast]

Join veteran journalist Shaka Ssali on Straight Talk Africa every Wednesday as he and his guests discuss topics of special interest to Africans, including politics, economic development, press freedom, health, social issues and conflict resolution.

South Sudan In Focus

South Sudan in Focus is a 30-minute weekday English-language broadcast/internet program covering rapidly changing developments in the new nation of South Sudan and the region.

On this fresh, fast-paced show, co-hosts Jackson Mvunganyi, in the U.S., and Nadia Samie, in Africa, talk to teens and young adults about Politics,trends, lifestyles, health, entertainment, and other issues touching listeners’ lives [30 minutes].Check out the Upfront blog at www.upfrontafrica.com

VOA Asia presents the best and most interesting stories from our veteran reporters covering Asia. VOA Asia tells what U.S.-Asian relationships might mean in your daily life, and what Asians think about life in the United States.

Campus Connection

Want to find out how to succeed at universities in America? Start with VOA’s Campus Connection! We’ll bring together students from around the world and connect them with university students in the U.S. We’ll help you learn what to expect on campus and the best way to get there.

VOA Newscasts

Give us 5 minutes, and we’ll give you the world. Around the clock, Voice of America keeps you in touch with the latest news. We bring you reports from our correspondents and interviews with newsmakers from across the world.

www.voanews.com

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